History of Permanent Makeup as Tattoo Technique

Permanent makeup is a tattoo that looks like traditional makeup applied to the lips, eyelids, and face. It is used for esthetic purposes, to eliminate the need for traditional makeup, or to conceal flaws such as scars or vitiligo-related white areas on the skin.

In the early twentieth century, permanent makeup (also known as micro-pigmentation, derma pigmentation, and cosmetic tattooing) became popular. Even yet, because tattooing is an old technique, it’s probable that it was done before that.

We know that individuals tattooed themselves 5000 years ago for various reasons (from religious and medical to esthetic).

Permanent makeup became more fashionable in the early 1930s. Many beauty shops at the time tattooed women without informing them, advertising the therapy as a “complexion treatment” and injecting them with vegetable colors without telling them it was tattooing.

When the treatment is completed, it improves the appearance of the eyebrows, eyes, and lips. The quantity of pigment injected into the skin is determined by the design, kind of color utilized, and volume of pigment injected into the skin.

Also, the result may appear overly dark just after the tattooing is completed. This is because the color is still present in the epidermal layers of the skin, which are closest to the surface.

Skins will recover over time (not too long – a few days), new epidermal cells will replace the upper layers of the epidermis, and the color will diminish, staying lighter but still evident.

This hue can stay long or fade over time, depending on the person and how it is maintained. If the skin is overly exposed to the sun, the color might fade, and if there is more pigment in the skin, it will take longer to fade entirely.

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Those who have been tattooed may be disappointed with the final result once permanent makeup has been established. “Too dark,” “wrong hue,” “uneven,” and “too large” are the most typical mistakes made when putting permanent makeup.

Most of these issues (such as color and evenness) may be resolved by a professional. Too much makeup may necessitate pigment lightening and removal, both of which are expensive and uncomfortable. This issue can also be resolved with traditional makeup.

Permanent cosmetics, like traditional tattoos, can cause issues. The pigment used can cause allergies, scarring, granulomas (inflammation), and keloids in recipients (a type of overgrown scar).

They also run the danger of skin cracking, peeling, blistering, and infection on the affected area. If tattooing implements aren’t sanitized, they can get contaminated with illnesses like HIV and hepatitis if used on people who already have them.

Suppose the pigments used in tattooing are contaminated with heavy metals or have magnetic qualities. In that case, people wearing this sort of permanent makeup may feel swelling or burning if subjected to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, this is uncommon.

Later, patients can erase tattoos if they change their minds, but this is a difficult and painful operation.

Laser resurfacing, dermabrasion (physical or chemical removal of skin cells – exfoliation), and surgical removal are options for removing permanent makeup.